Cincinnati, OH- While drunken driving is alarmingly common, there are plenty of impaired drivers who aren’t drunk. They are on drugs and they all face OVI charges. In order to determine this police must rely on their observations but to secure a conviction, they need more proof than observation alone so police in Cincinnati rely on Drug Recognition Experts to determine when a motorist is under the influence of drugs. So, our team of OVI/DUI lawyers in Ohio though you should know a little about the process.

Drug recognition experts, or DREs, are specially trained members of law enforcement—usually police officers—who help provide police with the reasonable suspicion they need to charge an impaired motorists. It can take weeks for the results of a blood test, so a DREs help take impaired drivers off the road.

There is a 12-step process DREs use to determine is a motorist is impaired. We will outline some of the steps here courtesy of information form the International Drug Evaluation and Classification Program is as follows:

After an officer has performed a field sobriety, a breathalyzer and interviewed both you and the arresting officer, they will begin closer examination which will include some of the follow steps:

Preliminary physical examination and first pulse:

This exam is aimed at determining if a suspect is suffering for a physical or psychological issue that makes it seem like they are impaired. Marijuana, methamphetamines and other drugs affect your heart rate and body temperature, so the DRE will check your pulse and take your temperature. This will be the first of three blood pressure tests to rule out nervousness. They will also observe your behavior, your speech, your facial expressions, and your breathing.

Eye exam:

Following your physical exam, the DRE is going to exam your eyes. Drugs and alcohol affect the eyes in different and involuntary ways. These effects cannot be controlled. Those tests include the vertical gaze nystagmus and the horizontal gaze nystagmus, both of which gauge intoxication by having you follow an object with your eyes

Divided attention tests:

Impaired individuals find it difficult to do two tasks at once, so police will conduct one or more of the following divided attention tests: : the Romberg Balance, the Walk and Turn, the One Leg Stand, and the Finger to Nose tests.

Dark room test:

After taking your pulse for a second time, the DRE will place you in a dark room and look at how three different levels of light affect your pupils. Some drugs make your pupils dilate and others cause your pupils to contract.

Chemical tests

Once your pulse has been checked for a third time and you have been questioned again and they have decide you should be charged with an OVI, the DRE will ask you to submit to a chemical test. You can choose to refuse a chemical test but you will lose your license right away and could still be charged with an OVI.

If you do have the bad luck of being charged with a DUI involving drugs, you need to contact an OVI/DUI lawyer in Cincinnati to help you with your defense. They know how to the build a strong defense and give you a greater chance of avoid an OVI conviction. USAttorneys can connect you with an attorney today.